A new study from Harvard Medical School’s Brigham and Women’s Hospital reports that a marker for systemic inflammation called C-reactive protein (CRP) was significantly higher among a subgroup of patients with poor cognitive performance. These findings were published on November 19 in the journal Molecular Psychiatry. This research was prompted by the observation that even when episodes of depression and mania were being controlled in patients with bipolar disorder (BD), some patients showed cognitive resilience and others (inexplicably) appeared to experience more rapid cognitive decline. Previous research has identified a possible link between systemic inflammation and cognitive performance. Therefore, the Brigham and Women’s research team decided to conduct more pioneering research on the possible association between C-reactive protein and cognitive performance in a large cohort of euthymic (i.e., stable mental state) patients with bipolar disorder and a … [Read more...] about Reducing Inflammation May Boost Cognitive Performance
Tolman cognitive psychology
The latest news story about "death by selfie" involved a 66-year-old Japanese tourist who fell down a flight of steps at the Taj Mahal. We increasingly hear reports of death and injury attributed to selfie-taking. The media emphasis on selfie-driven mayhem skews our fears and fans an underlying message that selfie-taking is inherently problematic. Reactionary responses include governmental requirements for "cautionary messages" on selfie taking and even regulations. (The Russian government has created a “How Not to Take Selfies” pamphlet). These imply that people are not in control; that they are victims of some overwhelming force that propels them to snap away while leaning off tall buildings or in the path of stampeding bulls. If regulatory bodies want to do something useful, they should teach people more biology. Source: Pamela Rutledge/Shutterstock There is nothing wrong with taking selfies. (See Get Over Selfie Shame.) In spite of popular rhetoric, it is not a … [Read more...] about 6 Reasons Why Selfie-Taking Can Be Hazardous to Your Health
Source: Wikimedia Commons There’s a house down the street with piles of debris inside and boxes stacked on the front porch. “The hoarders’ house,” a neighbor calls it. According to the DSM-5, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (American Psychiatric Association, 2013), compulsive hoarders cling to their possessions, unable to discard things they no longer use. Their homes are filled with newspapers, magazines, and old clothing. Their clutter is often piled so high they cannot use their living areas. In severe cases, hoarders are unable to cook in their kitchens or sleep in their beds. Hoarding behavior affects both males and females, occurring most often in adults over 55. People typically begin hoarding after a traumatic life event or period of acute stress. Feeling unsafe, they accumulate possessions to feel more secure. Yet by living in these cluttered, unsanitary conditions, they compromise their health and safety. Compulsive … [Read more...] about Why So Much Compulsive Hoarding?
In July 2019, a number of Germany's mosques including Cologne's Central Mosque, the largest Muslim houses of prayer in the country, were subjected to hoax bomb threats, attacks and desecration. The upsurge in anti-Muslim attacks has prompted Germany's Coordination Council of Muslims, the umbrella entity for the Central Council of Muslims in Germany, the Turkish Islamic Union for Religious Affairs (DITIB), the Islamic Council for the Federal Republic of Germany and the Association of Islamic Cultural Centres, to call upon Berlin to undertake certain security measures to protect Islamic places of worship. Germany's Muslims feel like "second class victims", says Aiman Mazyek, chief of the Central Council of Muslims in Germany amid the rise in Islamophobic offences in the country. "The outrage about violations against mosques, the holy Quran and bomb threats against mosques was kept limited and there have been no security activities from the authorities since then", Mazyek … [Read more...] about What’s Behind Upsurge in Anti-Muslim Hoax Bomb Attacks & Mosque Desecration in Germany
According to the Oxford English Dictionary, a selfie is a “photograph that one has taken of oneself, typically one taken with a smartphone or webcam and shared via social media.” From a psychological perspective, the taking of selfies is a self-oriented action that allows users to establish their individuality and self-importance; it is also associated with personality traits such as narcissism. However, selfie-taking is more than just the taking of a photograph. It can include the editing of the color and contrast, the changing of backgrounds, and the addition of other effects before uploading. These added options and the use of integrative editing have further popularized selfie-taking behavior, particularly among teenagers and young adults. On March 31, 2014, a story appeared on a website called the Adobo Chronicles that claimed that the American Psychiatric Association (APA) had classed “selfitis” as a new mental disorder. According to the author, the … [Read more...] about Obsessive Selfie-Taking
A new Tumblr site is causing quite a stir. Selfies at Funerals, compiled by Fast Company senior editor Jason Feifer (@heyfeifer) is a collection of selfies* taken at funerals mostly by teens culled from across the social media sites like Instagram, Facebook and Twitter. Selfies have become a cultural phenomenon, especially for teens and young adults so it’s not surprising that experimentation of documenting experiences pushes social boundaries. Recently, we’ve seen selfies morph across memes, such as the Duck Face, Sparrow, Ugly Selfie, Hot Dog legs and, recently, ‘Selfies Taken at Serious Places,’ also curated by Feifer, with selfies taken at Pearl Harbor, Auschwitz or the 9/11 Memorial. None of these got the attention achieved by ‘funeral selfies.’ This has moved rapidly across online and offline media channels and reaction run the gamut from support to denunciation of the selfie-takers. The sentiment is skewed, … [Read more...] about Funeral Selfies: Grief or Gross?