If you think that the only career option for a psychologist is to have a faculty position in a college or university, think again. These days, an individual who earned a psychology degree from one of the many schools in the nation does have a good number of career options to choose from.To have an idea about the career paths that someone who earned a psychology degree can take, here is a list of some of the top majors that you can focus on: Clinical Psychology Forensic Psychology School Psychology Industrial-Organizational Psychology Cognitive Psychology Sports Psychology As you can see, once you finish a psychology degree one of the top schools, you do have a variety of career paths to pursue - aside from being a staff at a counseling school or a university faculty member.Tips to Remember when Considering which Career Option to TakeNow, if you are a psychology major who is taking up courses at a psychology school or a counseling school, there are a few things that you need to … [Read more...] about Career Options For Psychology Students
Psychology and cognition
The study of eyewitness testimony can be traced back over a hundred years to the first recorded example of a psychologist acting as an expert witness in a court of law.In 1896 Albert Von Schrenk-Notzing testified at the trial of a man accused of murdering three women. Drawing on research into memory and suggestibility he argued that pre-trial publicity meant that witnesses could not distinguish between what they actually saw and what had been reported in the press.The formal study of eyewitness testimony is usually examined within a framework of cognitive processing, which put simply refers to the different ways in which we make sense of the world around us.We do this by employing the mental skills at our disposal such as thinking, perception, memory, awareness, reasoning and judgment. Although cognitive processes can only be inferred and cannot be seen directly, they all have very important practical implications within a legal context.Given that the way we think, perceive, reason and … [Read more...] about EyeWitness Testimony: An Enduring Topic Of Psychological Enquiry
The problem with Cognitive Therapy is... well... the therapy. If someone needs cognitive therapy how do you know the therapist and the curriculum he/she is using is able to change faulty thinking errors and self-defeating behaviors? There are thousands of therapists each with their own interpretations and curriculum. Few if any are evidence based with proof that what they are using is correct and highly effective. Almost any counseling program can claim it is cognitive therapy, but few if any can prove it works.In a sense cognitive therapy is a misnomer. The definition of therapy is the treatment of illness or disability. The use of cognitive therapy in mental illness is largely ineffective because you can't use cognitive restructuring training on someone who is not cognitive. The same holds true to criminals. Cognitive therapy is ineffective on criminals for the same reason, because they are not yet cognitive.The problem with using therapists to facilitate cognitive therapy programs … [Read more...] about The Problem with Cognitive Therapy
Cognitive therapy, pioneered by Aaron Beck, is a structured, time-limited and pragmatic approach to dealing with a variety of psychological disorders. Most therapists using this approach employ an exploratory, discovery model designed to ferret out maladaptive thinking, cognitive distortions, and faulty underlying beliefs which are based upon prior experience.Cognitive therapists are interested in working with clients in the here-and-now. Psychoanalyzing one's past is unnecessary and counterproductive. Trying to dissect the "why" of thoughts, feelings and behavior is a worthless pursuit. Prior experience is only explored as it relates to present functioning. There may be "hot buttons" from one's past that perpetuates a cycle of self-defeating behavior. These faulty underlying beliefs are viewed as stumbling blocks to present awareness and adaptive functioning.This therapy model involves a structured approach by focusing on several aspects of maladaptive thinking. Spontaneous, … [Read more...] about Why Does Cognitive Therapy Work?
The word "cognition" is defined as "the act of knowing" or "knowledge." Cognitive skills therefore refer to those skills that make it possible for us to know.It should be noted that there is nothing that any human being knows, or can do, that he has not learned. This of course excludes natural body functions, such as breathing, as well as the reflexes, for example the involuntary closing of the eye when an object approaches it. But apart from that a human being knows nothing, or cannot do anything, that he has not learned. Therefore, all cognitive skills must be TAUGHT, of which the following cognitive skills are the most important:CONCENTRATIONPaying attention must be distinguished from concentration. Paying attention is a body function, and therefore does not need to be taught. However, paying attention as such is a function that is quite useless for the act of learning, because it is only a fleeting occurrence. Attention usually shifts very quickly from one object or one thing to … [Read more...] about Four Cognitive Skills for Successful Learning
This story and the 5 questions at the end represent an example of some text and curriculum that can be found in a Cognitive Restructuring Manualized Workbook.The Millers and Johnsons resided in the same rural county and went to the same public schools. They saw each other frequently. Scott Miller was Jasons age and once saved him in 6th grade when a group of older boys were giving him a beating.Bloodied and semi-conscious, Jason awoke to Scotts younger sister, Jenny, as she was crying and cleaning the blood from his face, his head in her lap. He was disappointed to see his teacher arrive as he had a secret deep crush on this angel with deep brown eyes.As soon as Jason finished serving detention he moved to another state to work for his uncle in the construction business and lost contact with Jenny. Soon he was out on his own. He bought old homes and then cleaned them up to resell. At 23, he went back to the place of his birth and discovered that the majority of his family were living … [Read more...] about Cognitive Psychology