Fossil fuels don't all come from fossils. Scientists now are developing gasoline that is synthesized from plants that are not so old. This so-called green gasoline is chemically derived from sugars in corn and other grains or from cellulose found in the tough, woody parts of plants. Unlike the most common biofuel, ethanol, this new fuel requires no tweaks to a car's engine. "It is virtually the same as gasoline from crude oil," said John Regalbuto, director of the Catalysis and Biocatalysis Program at the National Science Foundation (NSF). "It is a drop-in replacement for what you get at the pump." The NSF has funded several projects to develop green gasoline. One of these converts sugar into gasoline, diesel or jet fuel and is being commercialized by Virent Energy Systems in collaboration with the oil company Shell. A slightly different process discovered by researchers at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst can brew up gasoline components from wood chips and other plant … [Read more...] about How Green Gasoline Could Power the Future
Platts gasoline prices
Most of the physical production that remains in Western nations, like manufacturing, agriculture, and mining, including fossil fuel extraction, along with infrastructure construction and upkeep, occur far from the fashionable downtowns and affluent, inner-ring suburbs where most of the managerial overclass lives and works. Overclass elites in urban hubs therefore can favor stringent environmental regulations at little cost to themselves. Heartland communities are more likely to be sensitive to the costs of environmental policies than hub city managers and professionals. What is more, the property-owning, working-class majorities of the heartlands are also likely to be more sensitive to environmental restrictions on what property owners can do with their property than the denizens of the hubs, where not only the working poor and the working class but also many professionals must rent be- cause they cannot afford to own homes. And most working-class individuals in low-density regions … [Read more...] about Hubs And Heartlands: The Battlegrounds Of The New Class War
Oil prices dropped on Wednesday as the International Energy Agency's (IEA) forecast of a market surplus in the first half of this year was enough to cancel out concerns about military disruptions that have slashed Libya's crude output. Brent crude was down 30 cents, or 0.5 per cent, at $64.29 a barrel at 0731 GMT, after falling 0.3 per cent on Tuesday. US oil fell 33 cents, or 0.6 per cent, to $58.05 a barrel, having declined 0.3 per cent the day before. The head of the IEA, Fatih Birol, said he expects the market to be in surplus by a million barrels per day (bpd) in the first half of this year. "I see an abundance of energy supply in terms of oil and gas," Birol told the Reuters Global Markets Forum on Tuesday, while attending the World Economic Forum meeting in Davos. "It's the reason that recent incidents we have seen - with the Iranian general killed, Libya unrest - didn't boost international oil prices," Birol said, referring to the US killing of an Iranian commander and … [Read more...] about Oil slides as IEA predicts surplus, Libya disruption concerns fade
In addition, at least 30 per cent believe that the minimum driving range for BEVs should be at least 200 miles while 14 per cent are expecting the minimum driving range to be at least 50 miles.The largest proportion of 35 per cent consumers are willing to wait for an average of 45 min for a BEV to be fully charged, while only 7 per cent are ready to wait for four hours or more.The firm sampled around 35,000 respondents from 20 global markets. Around 3,000 of these were from India. These findings come at a time when the Indian auto industry has been under the worst ever industry slowdown. … [Read more...] about 53% Indians ready to pay upto Rs 1 lac more for EV: Report
1680: Christiaan Huygens, better known for his contributions as an astronomer, designed but never built an internal combustion engine fueled by gunpowder.1826: Englishman Samuel Brown altered a steam engine to burn gasoline and put it on a carriage, but this proto-automobile also never gained widespread adoption.1858: Jean Joseph-Etienne Lenoir patented a double-acting, electric spark-ignition internal combustion engine fueled by coal gas. He improved on that engine so it would run on petroleum, attached it to a three-wheeled wagon and traveled 50 miles.1873: American engineer George Brayton developed a two-stroke kerosene engine. It is considered to be the first safe and practical oil engine.1876: Nikolaus August Otto patented the first four-stroke engine in Germany.1885: Gottlieb Daimler of Germany invented the prototype of the modern gasoline engine. 1895: Rudolf Diesel, a French inventor, patented the diesel engine that was an efficient, compression ignition, internal … [Read more...] about Who Invented the Car?
Most owners surveyed by AAA were apprehensive about buying an electric car. AAA said 91% of owners had at least one concern before buying their cars, including worries about insufficient range, the ability to take long trips, and the availability of charging stations. While the number of electric cars on the market is steadily increasing, and many car buyers are showing interest, concerns like these remain a major barrier to increased electric car sales, according to AAA. … [Read more...] about Most EV buyers have no regrets about going electric, AAA survey says